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Top 18 Most Interesting History Topics For An Extended Essay


Writing an extended essay is an extremely challenging task especially when your topic deals with human history, which is full of mysteries, riddles, and contradictions. Although this type of essay requires from you to undertake an in-depth study of a particular historical event, it’s important not only to expound the facts about it, but to raise some issues for debate and provide a solid concluding statement.

How to Pick a Controversial Topic for an Extended Essay in History

The key to a good paper of this type lays in the choice of a truly interesting topic. As it’s limited to 4,000 words, you should narrow the scope of your research to a particular aspect of history, covering a short period of time. It’s highly recommended to focus on those events that changed the course of history or had a major impact on society. Keep in mind that events of the past 10 years are considered to be current affairs, so focusing on them will be a waste of time. If you face problems with choosing the right topic or have any doubts, you can always discuss them with your teacher or supervisor or simply use on of the ideas listed below.

Top 18 Intriguing History Extended Essay Topic Ideas

  1. Political causes of the Roman Empire decline and division.
  2. The greatest achievements of the Mayan civilization.
  3. The contribution of Ancient Egypt into the development of science.
  4. The role of Confucianism in the China’s education system during the Ming Dynasty.
  5. The development of science during the Islamic Golden Age.
  6. Positive effects of the Mongol invasions and conquests.
  7. The most significant events of the Christian Reconquista of the Iberian Peninsula.
  8. The Black Death eruption in Europe in the 14th century: causes and consequences.
  9. The influence of the American Civil War on the formation of the U.S. society.
  10. The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact: the truth about Stalin’s war plans.
  11. The world after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
  12. The unfair Treaty of Versailles as a main cause of the World War II.
  13. Reasons to justify and to condemn the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.
  14. International response to the apartheid regime in South Africa.
  15. Cuban Missile Crisis: the most dramatic 13 days of the Cold War.
  16. Historical parallels between the Soviet military mission in Afghanistan and the United States’ involvement in the Vietnam War.
  17. The geography of the Holocaust and the consequences of the tragedy.
  18. Human rights violations in Chile under the Pinochet regime.