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Cons Of Nuclear Energy


Nuclear energy is second in the pecking order concerning worthiness after fossil fuels. It may not be widely exploited but can produce vast amounts of energy that would help solve the energy problems in the world. However, it is very rare and requires a lot of precautions, and that could be the profound reason as to why it is not exploited to a great extent. Nuclear energy is obtained after a process called fission that bombards two parts of a nucleus. During this process, two new elements are formed and are accompanied by the emission of high energy. There is another reaction or process called fusion that could be used to produce nuclear energy. This later is never used much as it only produced a tenth of the former process. Despite nuclear energy being that worthy, various disadvantages inhibit the exploitation of nuclear energy.

Radioactive Waste

Nuclear energy involves radioactive processes. There are a lot of radioactive wastes that are extremely hazardous and have adverse demeaning effects on the environment. These radioactive wastes remain in the atmosphere for tens of thousands of years. They emit radiations that affect and pollute both the water and the air. These radioactive remnants are believed to be a major contributing factor for the respiratory and irritating conditions. The main disadvantage that hinders the exploitation of nuclear energy to the fullest is the need for elaborate and highly developed disposal systems.

High Cost

Fission process produces a lot of energy. This will need very advanced tools so as to prevent the process from turning disastrous. Such equipment is very costly to purchase and set up. It is also very expensive to maintain and run nuclear energy power plants. To maintain conditions for nuclear fission is also expensive. It requires relocation of people to large stretches of land to create room for the establishment of nuclear power plants. Nuclear accidents could also be very disastrous.

Non-Renewable energy

Nuclear energy is not a renewable energy. It does not occur abundantly and freely in nature and is scarce and only available in few countries. Overreliance on nuclear energy could lead to depletion of some elements. This is another factor that inhibits the exploitation of nuclear energy. The fact that it is not renewable also makes its cost inhibitive compared to other renewable sources of energy like solar and wind. The other disadvantages of nuclear energy include national risks and adverse impact on aquatic and human life.