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The Slave Revolt In The Caribbean


The period between 1789 and 1832 was marked by over twenty slaves revolts around Europe and movements on in the Greater Caribbean. This was after there was the abolishment of slavery in Europe due to the Rights of Man. However, even after the abolition by the government in Europe, some slave owners were against the move and put pressure on various local governments against implementing the new laws. During the forty years, there were three major revolts against slavery and the slave trade. These include Barbados in 1816, Demerara in 1823 and Jamaica in 1831. Together with Saint-Domingue that had happened much earlier in 1791, these are termed as the largest and biggest rebellions against slavery and slave trade in America.

Victory for colonialism

Saint Domingue was a battlefield for many groups even after the major revolt in 1791. At one point, more than six groups were in the battle field all trying to fight for some order and for the fair treatment of slaves. The groups include invading Spanish, slaves, petits blancs, free persons of color, grands blancs, the English troops and the French. During this time, many alliances were created and dissolved by visionary leaders who were opportunistic of successful successions. This led to increased killings, and there was a struggle for power by the majority groups in the Caribbean. Former slaves did not submit any further to their masters. After 1793, the turn of events pointed to liberty for the slaves. However, this did not point to any end of the War soon. Neither was it the end of slavery. However, the win for the slaves showed put a fighting will in the minds of the people. They were determined to win in the fight against colonialism in a stronger way than ever before. This was like a victory in disguise for the French revolution against colonialism. However, in 1797, Toussaint became the governor. He was dedicated to expelling all kind of revolts from the French and the free colored.

Impact of the new political structure

After the new political structure by the new governor, there was a lot of revolts and especially from the French. The free colored and the ex-slaves moved and relocated to neighboring states. The immigrants caused a major impact on the culture, political structure, religion, color, status and language of America and Europe. There was, however, tremendous growth in revolt movements against slavery.