Bioethics is an area of study concerned with characteristically controversial subjects on ethical matters coming out from new conditions and possibilities coming as a result of developments in medicine and biology. It also has to do with issues of moral discernment because it is related to matters of medical practice, research and health policy.

The need for bioethics

There is a growing importance of bioethics in the contemporary society in which we live. Bioethics has been very important in dealing with a wide category of human inquiry found in debates concerning life boundaries such as euthanasia and abortion among others. Other matters that have required the intervention of bioethics includes issues of surrogacy, the allocation of healthcare materials and resources especially during rationing and organ donation just to mention but a few. It has also been concerned with the patients’ rights to decline medical care offer for reasons defined by their cultures and religion as well.

Professionals in bioethics on several occasions disagree in their company on the accurate limits of their practice debating whether the bioethics field must concern itself with the ethical assessment of all indeterminate areas involving medicine and biology or just a number of these unknown issues. Some of these professionals would slow down to ethical assessment merely to the morality of the medical interventions or technological developments together with the timing of the medical treatment being offered to human beings. Others would widen the range of assessment on ethical grounds to take into account morality of every action that could help or harm institutions capable of being afraid.

Bioethics can expand its scope using biotechnology to include issues of gene therapy, cloning, life extension, life in space, human genetic engineering and astroethics. The area can be very wide to include issues of basic biology manipulation through changed XNA, proteins and DNA.

Bioethics principles

Human experimentations were among the main areas that drew a lot of interest amongst contemporary bioethics professionals. This dates back in 1974 that saw the establishment of a commission to protect human subjects concerning behavioral and biomedical research. This was in an effort to find out the fundamental ethical principles that must define the conduct of behavioral and biomedical research that involves human subjects. The most important principles included those of justice, autonomy, justice and beneficence. These have had a lot of influence in the manner in which bioethicists have continued to think on a variety of issues such as human dignity, non-maleficence and sanctity of human life.