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Madness In Hamlet


Hamlet is one of the William Shakespear’s very noble work and is a piece of literature as well. He has a great degree of conceptual understanding. Hamlet, Prince of Denmark has been the subject of intense critical inquiry who is apparently paralyzed by uncertainty about both himself and the incidents in which he is called upon to act as an agent of vengeance.

There are two major events takes place in Hamlet’s life, his father’s death and ghost arrival. Hamlet is quite upset by the death of his father. He is summoned home to Denmark from Germany to attend his father’s funeral and he is shocked to find his mother Queen Gertrude is already remarried to his uncle, Claudius, the dead king’s brother. Despite the reality that Hamlet was his father’s successor to the throne, Claudius has had himself crowned King.

Hamlet’s father ghost informs him that Claudius murdered him and asks Hamlet to take revenge. Prince Hamlet devotes himself to take his father’s avenge. He makes himself appear crazy to divert suspicious in front of his relatives, friends and his dearest Ophelia, who was sister of Laertes and daughter of Polonius. Hamlet rejects his sweetheart Ophelia.

Hamlet delays the plan to kill Claudius who is offering prayer. In the meantime Hamlet goes to confront his mother, having a noise from behind the tapestry, Hamlet believes that King is hiding there so Hamlet kills Polonius mistakenly because he thinks he is Claudius. In the aftermath of her father’s death, Ophelia goes mad with grief and drowns in the river. For this crime, King dispatched Hamlet to England but the latter escapes.

Claudius arranges a dual between Hamlet and Laertes. Laertes decides to kill Hamlet in revenge of his father and he challenges Hamlet to a sword fight and makes his sword poisonous. Claudius prepared wine with poison in order to kill Hamlet, as backup plan. In the meantime Gertrude drinks poisonous wine unknowingly and dies. When Laertes attacks on Hamlet with poisoned blade, Hamlet pierced Laertes with same sword, after revealing to Hamlet that Claudius is responsible for the Queen’s death, he dies from the poison of his own blade. Later Hamlet gives cut to Claudius with same sword and makes him drink rest of the wine which was poisoned. Claudius dies and Hamlet dies just after accomplishing his mission.

Madness is a condition in which it is difficult to examine whether it’s real or not. Hamlet’s madness is sensible because in a crazy world, one must be mad to achieve goals. But at the same time, Hamlet’s madness is questionable through hamlets real madness as he kills Polonius instead of Claudius in such a rash manner. Hamlet puts himself at risk and doesn’t think about consequences.

By providing few directions, Shakespear’s leaves everyone in confusing state of mind. Hamlets madness can be best understood only through one’s own interpretation.